Dialing code +255
ISO 2 code TZ
ISO 3 code TZA
Capital Dodoma
Main Language Swahili
Currency Shilling (TZS)
GDP $54.3 billion 86th
Population 41,892,895 30th


Continent Africa
Location Eastern Africa bordering the Indian Ocean between Kenya and Mozambique
Land 945,087 km2 31st
Terrain Plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north south
Climate Varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
Natural Hazards Plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north south
Note: Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa; bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west and Lake Nyasa in the southwest

Neighbouring Countries

Burundi Democratic Republic of the Congo Kenya Malawi Mozambique Rwanda Uganda Zambia


Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995 which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.
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Life Expectancy 52.01 years 185th
Median Age 18.0 years 186th
Birth Rate 34.29 births/1,000 population 35th
Death Rate 12.59 births/1,000 population 35th
Sex Ratio 0.78 male(s)/female 96th
Literacy 69.4% 160th

41.9 million


Roadways 78891 km 59th
Railways 3689 km 45th
Airports 124 46th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 137th


Currency Shilling (TZS)
GDP $54.3 billion 86th
GDP per capita (PPP) $1300 179th