Dialing code +257
ISO 2 code BI
ISO 3 code BDI
Capital Bujumbura
Main Language French
Currency Franc (BIF)
GDP $3.1 billion 167th
Population 9,863,117 85th


Continent Africa
Location Central Africa east of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Land 27,830 km2 147th
Terrain Hilly and mountainous dropping to a plateau in east some plains
Climate Equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2 670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1 700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (February to May and September to November) and two dry seasons (June to August and December to January)
Natural Hazards Hilly and mountainous dropping to a plateau in east some plains
Note: Landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed; the Kagera which drains into Lake Victoria is the most remote headstream of the White Nile

Neighbouring Countries

Democratic Republic of the Congo Rwanda Tanzania


Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200 000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force established a new constitution in 2005 and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The new government led by President Pierre NKURUNZIZA signed a South African brokered ceasefire with the country's last rebel group in September of 2006 but still faces many challenges.
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Life Expectancy 52.09 years 184th
Median Age 16.7 years 200th
Birth Rate 41.42 births/1,000 population 14th
Death Rate 12.67 births/1,000 population 34th
Sex Ratio 0.66 male(s)/female 176th
Literacy 59.3% 176th

9.9 million


Roadways 12322 km 130th
Railways None km
Airports 8 159th
Waterways None km
Heliports 1 86th
Airports paved 1 97th


Currency Franc (BIF)
GDP $3.1 billion 167th
GDP per capita (PPP) $400 204th