Dialing code +254
ISO 2 code KE
ISO 3 code KEN
Capital Nairobi
Main Language English
Currency Shilling (KES)
GDP $61.8 billion 82nd
Population 40,046,566 32nd


Continent Africa
Location Eastern Africa bordering the Indian Ocean between Somalia and Tanzania
Land 582,650 km2 48th
Terrain Low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west
Climate Varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior
Natural Hazards Low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west
Note: The Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenya Africa's second highest peak; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value

Neighbouring Countries

Ethiopia Somalia South Sudan Tanzania Uganda


Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978 when President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997 which were marred by violence and fraud but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI running as the candidate of the multiethnic united opposition group the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over the constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition the Orange Democratic Movement which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1 500 people died. UN-sponsored talks in late February produced a powersharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister.
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Life Expectancy 57.86 years 171st
Median Age 18.7 years 176th
Birth Rate 36.64 births/1,000 population 28th
Death Rate 9.72 births/1,000 population 65th
Sex Ratio 0.84 male(s)/female 65th
Literacy 85.1% 133rd

40.0 million


Roadways 63574 km 69th
Railways 2778 km 58th
Airports 180 32nd
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 147th


Currency Shilling (KES)
GDP $61.8 billion 82nd
GDP per capita (PPP) $1600 171st