Dialing code +43
ISO 2 code AT
ISO 3 code AUT
Capital Vienna
Main Language German
Currency Euro (EUR)
GDP $325.0 billion 35th
Population 8,205,000 93rd


Continent Europe
Location Central Europe north of Italy and Slovenia
Land 83,858 km2 116th
Terrain In the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping
Climate Temperate; continental cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers
Natural Hazards In the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping
Note: Landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe with many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands because of steep slopes poor soils and low temperatures elsewhere

Neighbouring Countries

Czech Republic Germany Hungary Italy Liechtenstein Slovakia Slovenia Switzerland


Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945 Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation recognized Austria's independence and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous democratic country Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999. In January 2009 Austria assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2009-10 term.
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Life Expectancy 79.5 years 24th
Median Age 42.2 years 6th
Birth Rate 8.65 births/1,000 population 202nd
Death Rate 9.98 births/1,000 population 63rd
Sex Ratio 0.71 male(s)/female 147th
Literacy 98.0% 59th

8.2 million


Roadways 107262 km 38th
Railways 6399 km 28th
Airports 55 83rd
Waterways 358 km 88th
Heliports 1 62nd
Airports paved 1 110th


Currency Euro (EUR)
GDP $325.0 billion 35th
GDP per capita (PPP) $39200 20th