Dialing code +423
ISO 2 code LI
ISO 3 code LIE
Capital Vaduz
Main Language German
Currency Franc (CHF)
GDP $4.2 billion 159th
Population 35,000 217th


Continent Europe
Location Central Europe between Austria and Switzerland
Land 160 km2 221st
Terrain Mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third
Climate Continental; cold cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm cloudy humid summers
Natural Hazards Mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third
Note: Along with Uzbekistan one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world; variety of microclimatic variations based on elevation

Neighbouring Countries

Austria Switzerland


The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire in 1719. Occupied by both French and Russian troops during the Napoleanic wars it became a sovereign state in 1806 and joined the Germanic Confederation in 1815. Liechtenstein became fully independent in 1866 when the Confederation dissolved. Until the end of World War I it was closely tied to Austria but the economic devastation caused by that conflict forced Liechtenstein to enter into a customs and monetary union with Switzerland. Since World War II (in which Liechtenstein remained neutral) the country's low taxes have spurred outstanding economic growth. In 2000 shortcomings in banking regulatory oversight resulted in concerns about the use of financial institutions for money laundering. However Liechtenstein implemented anti-money-laundering legislation and a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty with the US that went into effect in 2003.
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Life Expectancy 80.06 years 20th
Median Age 41.0 years 16th
Birth Rate 9.75 births/1,000 population 182nd
Death Rate 7.39 births/1,000 population 115th
Sex Ratio 0.76 male(s)/female 112th
Literacy 100.0% 5th



Roadways 380 km 189th
Railways None km
Airports None
Waterways 28 km 105th
Heliports None
Airports paved None


Currency Franc (CHF)
GDP $4.2 billion 159th
GDP per capita (PPP) $118000 1st