Dialing code +36
ISO 2 code HU
ISO 3 code HUN
Capital Budapest
Main Language Hungarian
Currency Forint (HUF)
GDP $205.7 billion 49th
Population 9,982,000 83rd


Continent Europe
Location Central Europe northwest of Romania
Land 93,030 km2 110th
Terrain Mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border
Climate Temperate; cold cloudy humid winters; warm summers
Natural Hazards Mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border
Note: Landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin; the north-south flowing Duna (Danube) and Tisza Rivers divide the country into three large regions

Neighbouring Countries

Austria Croatia Romania Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Ukraine


Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule following World War II. In 1956 a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968 Hungary began liberalizing its economy introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004.
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Life Expectancy 73.44 years 95th
Median Age 39.4 years 31st
Birth Rate 9.51 births/1,000 population 190th
Death Rate 12.94 births/1,000 population 30th
Sex Ratio 0.57 male(s)/female 198th
Literacy 99.4% 22nd

10.0 million


Roadways 159568 km 31st
Railways 8057 km 26th
Airports 46 94th
Waterways 1622 km 47th
Heliports 5 30th
Airports paved 2 84th


Currency Forint (HUF)
GDP $205.7 billion 49th
GDP per capita (PPP) $19800 54th