Dialing code +251
ISO 2 code ET
ISO 3 code ETH
Capital Addis Ababa
Main Language None
Currency Birr (ETB)
GDP $66.3 billion 80th
Population 88,013,491 14th


Continent Africa
Location Eastern Africa west of Somalia
Land 1,127,127 km2 27th
Terrain High plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley
Climate Tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Natural Hazards High plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley
Note: Landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993; the Blue Nile the chief headstream of the Nile by water volume rises in T'ana Hayk (Lake Tana) in northwest Ethiopia; three major crops are believed to have originated in Ethiopia: coffee grain sorghum and castor bean

Neighbouring Countries

Djibouti Eritrea Kenya Somalia South Sudan Sudan


Unique among African countries the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974 a military junta the Derg deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups uprisings wide-scale drought and massive refugee problems the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994 and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. The Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission in November 2007 remotely demarcated the border by geographical coordinates but final demarcation of the boundary on the ground is currently on hold because of Ethiopian objections to an international commission's finding requiring it to surrender territory considered sensitive to Ethiopia.
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Life Expectancy 55.41 years 175th
Median Age 16.9 years 195th
Birth Rate 43.66 births/1,000 population 9th
Death Rate 11.55 births/1,000 population 42nd
Sex Ratio 0.75 male(s)/female 121st
Literacy 42.7% 195th

88.0 million


Roadways 36469 km 92nd
Railways 681 km 105th
Airports 63 77th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 121st


Currency Birr (ETB)
GDP $66.3 billion 80th
GDP per capita (PPP) $800 195th