Dialing code +592
ISO 2 code GY
ISO 3 code GUY
Capital Georgetown
Main Language English
Currency Dollar (GYD)
GDP $3.0 billion 168th
Population 748,486 163rd


Continent South America
Location Northern South America bordering the North Atlantic Ocean between Suriname and Venezuela
Land 214,970 km2 84th
Terrain Mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Climate Tropical; hot humid moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to August November to January)
Natural Hazards Mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Note: The third-smallest country in South America after Suriname and Uruguay; substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Venezuela and Suriname respectively

Neighbouring Countries

Brazil Suriname Venezuela


Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966 and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992 Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later his wife Janet JAGAN became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor Bharrat JAGDEO was reelected in 2001 and again in 2006.
Read more on Wikipedia


Life Expectancy 66.68 years 144th
Median Age 28.7 years 93rd
Birth Rate 17.56 births/1,000 population 109th
Death Rate 8.31 births/1,000 population 95th
Sex Ratio 0.72 male(s)/female 136th
Literacy 98.8% 47th



Roadways 7970 km 141st
Railways None km
Airports 96 62nd
Waterways 330 km 89th
Heliports None
Airports paved 3 42nd


Currency Dollar (GYD)
GDP $3.0 billion 168th
GDP per capita (PPP) $3900 141st