Dialing code +597
ISO 2 code SR
ISO 3 code SUR
Capital Paramaribo
Main Language Dutch
Currency Dollar (SRD)
GDP $4.3 billion 158th
Population 492,829 171st


Continent South America
Location Northern South America bordering the North Atlantic Ocean between French Guiana and Guyana
Land 163,270 km2 93rd
Terrain Mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps
Climate Tropical; moderated by trade winds
Natural Hazards Mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps
Note: Smallest independent country on South American continent; mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that for the most part is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population mostly along the coast

Neighbouring Countries

Brazil French Guiana Guyana


First explored by the Spaniards in the 16th century and then settled by the English in the mid-17th century Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667. With the abolition of slavery in 1863 workers were brought in from India and Java. Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to exert control through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987 when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1990 the military overthrew the civilian leadership but a democratically elected government - a four-party New Front coalition - returned to power in 1991 and has ruled since; the coalition expanded to eight parties in 2005.
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Life Expectancy 73.73 years 87th
Median Age 27.9 years 99th
Birth Rate 16.8 births/1,000 population 118th
Death Rate 5.51 births/1,000 population 162nd
Sex Ratio 0.76 male(s)/female 118th
Literacy 89.6% 119th



Roadways 4304 km 152nd
Railways None km
Airports 50 90th
Waterways 1200 km 58th
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 104th


Currency Dollar (SRD)
GDP $4.3 billion 158th
GDP per capita (PPP) $8900 100th