Dialing code +46
ISO 2 code SE
ISO 3 code SWE
Capital Stockholm
Main Language Swedish
Currency Krona (SEK)
GDP $348.6 billion 31st
Population 9,555,893 89th


Continent Europe
Location Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea Gulf of Bothnia Kattegat and Skagerrak between Finland and Norway
Land 449,964 km2 56th
Terrain Mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in west
Climate Temperate in south with cold cloudy winters and cool partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north
Natural Hazards Mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in west
Note: Strategic location along Danish Straits linking Baltic and North Seas

Neighbouring Countries

Finland Norway


A military power during the 17th century Sweden has not participated in any war in almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both World Wars. Sweden's long-successful economic formula of a capitalist system interlarded with substantial welfare elements was challenged in the 1990s by high unemployment and in 2000-02 by the global economic downturn but fiscal discipline over the past several years has allowed the country to weather economic vagaries. Sweden joined the EU in 1995 but the public rejected the introduction of the euro in a 2003 referendum.
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Life Expectancy 80.86 years 9th
Median Age 41.5 years 12th
Birth Rate 10.13 births/1,000 population 179th
Death Rate 10.21 births/1,000 population 58th
Sex Ratio 0.79 male(s)/female 94th
Literacy 99.0% 39th

9.6 million


Roadways 425300 km 13th
Railways 11633 km 19th
Airports 249 25th
Waterways 2052 km 41st
Heliports 2 56th
Airports paved 3 47th


Currency Krona (SEK)
GDP $348.6 billion 31st
GDP per capita (PPP) $38500 22nd