Dialing code +378
ISO 2 code SM
ISO 3 code SMR
Capital San Marino
Main Language Italian
Currency Euro (EUR)
GDP $1.7 billion 178th
Population 31,477 219th


Continent Europe
Location Southern Europe an enclave in central Italy
Land 61 km2 228th
Terrain Rugged mountains
Climate Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm sunny summers
Natural Hazards Rugged mountains
Note: Landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines

Neighbouring Countries



The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco) San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy; social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
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Life Expectancy 81.97 years 5th
Median Age 41.5 years 11th
Birth Rate 9.63 births/1,000 population 186th
Death Rate 8.48 births/1,000 population 87th
Sex Ratio 0.76 male(s)/female 113th
Literacy 96.0% 83rd



Roadways 292 km 191st
Railways None km
Airports None
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved None


Currency Euro (EUR)
GDP $1.7 billion 178th
GDP per capita (PPP) $41900 14th