Dialing code +264
ISO 2 code NA
ISO 3 code NAM
Capital Windhoek
Main Language English
Currency Dollar (NAD)
GDP $11.2 billion 142nd
Population 2,128,471 143rd


Continent Africa
Location Southern Africa bordering the South Atlantic Ocean between Angola and South Africa
Land 825,418 km2 34th
Terrain Mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east
Climate Desert; hot dry; rainfall sparse and erratic
Natural Hazards Mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east
Note: First country in the world to incorporate the protection of the environment into its constitution; some 14% of the land is protected including virtually the entire Namib Desert coastal strip

Neighbouring Countries

Angola Botswana South Africa Zambia


South Africa occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that became Namibia but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Namibia has been governed by SWAPO since the country won independence in 1990. Hifikepunye POHAMBA was elected president in November 2004 in a landslide victory replacing Sam NUJOMA who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule.
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Life Expectancy 51.24 years 187th
Median Age 21.0 years 152nd
Birth Rate 22.51 births/1,000 population 75th
Death Rate 13.3 births/1,000 population 29th
Sex Ratio 0.81 male(s)/female 81st
Literacy 85.0% 134th

2.1 million


Roadways 42237 km 85th
Railways 2629 km 63rd
Airports 132 43rd
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 2 68th


Currency Dollar (NAD)
GDP $11.2 billion 142nd
GDP per capita (PPP) $5400 123rd