Dialing code +244
ISO 2 code AO
ISO 3 code AGO
Capital Luanda
Main Language Portuguese
Currency Kwanza (AOA)
GDP $110.3 billion 62nd
Population 13,068,161 70th


Continent Africa
Location Southern Africa bordering the South Atlantic Ocean between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo
Land 1,246,700 km2 23rd
Terrain Narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau
Climate Semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool dry season (May to October) and hot rainy season (November to April)
Natural Hazards Narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau
Note: The province of Cabinda is an exclave separated from the rest of the country by the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Neighbouring Countries

Democratic Republic of the Congo Namibia Republic of the Congo Zambia


Angola is rebuilding its country after the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) led by Jonas SAVIMBI followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections but fighting picked up again by 1996. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - in the quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and strengthened the MPLA's hold on power. President DOS SANTOS held legislative elections in September 2008 and announced plans to hold presidential elections in 2009.
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Life Expectancy 38.2 years 205th
Median Age 18.0 years 184th
Birth Rate 43.69 births/1,000 population 8th
Death Rate 24.08 births/1,000 population 2nd
Sex Ratio 0.79 male(s)/female 92nd
Literacy 67.4% 168th

13.1 million


Roadways 51429 km 77th
Railways 2764 km 60th
Airports 211 28th
Waterways 1300 km 55th
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 171st


Currency Kwanza (AOA)
GDP $110.3 billion 62nd
GDP per capita (PPP) $8800 102nd