Dialing code +95
ISO 2 code MM
ISO 3 code MMR
Capital Nay Pyi Taw
Main Language Burmese
Currency Kyat (MMK)
GDP $55.0 billion 85th
Population 53,414,374 24th


Continent Asia
Location Southeastern Asia bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal between Bangladesh and Thailand
Land 678,500 km2 40th
Terrain Central lowlands ringed by steep rugged highlands
Climate Tropical monsoon; cloudy rainy hot humid summers (southwest monsoon June to September); less cloudy scant rainfall mild temperatures lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon December to April)
Natural Hazards Central lowlands ringed by steep rugged highlands
Note: Strategic location near major Indian Ocean shipping lanes

Neighbouring Countries

Bangladesh China India Laos Thailand


Britain conquered Burma over a period of 62 years (1824-1886) and incorporated it into its Indian Empire. Burma was administered as a province of India until 1937 when it became a separate self-governing colony; independence from the Commonwealth was attained in 1948. Gen. NE WIN dominated the government from 1962 to 1988 first as military ruler then as self-appointed president and later as political kingpin. In September 1988 the military deposed NE WIN and established a new ruling junta. Despite multiparty legislative elections in 1990 that resulted in the main opposition party - the National League for Democracy (NLD) - winning a landslide victory the junta refused to hand over power. NLD leader and Nobel Peace Prize recipient AUNG SAN SUU KYI who was under house arrest from 1989 to 1995 and 2000 to 2002 was imprisoned in May 2003 and subsequently transferred to house arrest. After the ruling junta in August 2007 unexpectedly increased fuel prices tens of thousands of Burmese marched in protest led by prodemocracy activists and Buddhist monks. In late September 2007 the government brutally suppressed the protests killing at least 13 people and arresting thousands for participating in the demonstrations. Since then the regime has continued to raid homes and monasteries and arrest persons suspected of participating in the pro-democracy protests. The junta appointed Labor Minister AUNG KYI in October 2007 as liaison to AUNG SAN SUU KYI who remains under house arrest and virtually incommunicado with her party and supporters. Burma in early May 2008 was struck by Cyclone Nargis which official estimates claimed left over 80 000 dead and 50 000 injured. Despite this tragedy the junta proceeded with its May constitutional referendum the first vote in Burma since 1990 setting the stage for the 2010 parliamentary elections.
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Life Expectancy 63.39 years 157th
Median Age 28.2 years 97th
Birth Rate 16.97 births/1,000 population 115th
Death Rate 9.14 births/1,000 population 79th
Sex Ratio 0.75 male(s)/female 122nd
Literacy 89.9% 117th

53.4 million


Roadways 27000 km 100th
Railways 3955 km 43rd
Airports 84 68th
Waterways 12800 km 10th
Heliports 4 35th
Airports paved 2 82nd


Currency Kyat (MMK)
GDP $55.0 billion 85th
GDP per capita (PPP) $1200 183rd