Dialing code +223
ISO 2 code ML
ISO 3 code MLI
Capital Bamako
Main Language French
Currency Franc (XOF)
GDP $14.5 billion 133rd
Population 13,796,354 67th


Continent Africa
Location Western Africa southwest of Algeria
Land 1,240,000 km2 24th
Terrain Mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south rugged hills in northeast
Climate Subtropical to arid; hot and dry (February to June); rainy humid and mild (June to November); cool and dry (November to February)
Natural Hazards Mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south rugged hills in northeast
Note: Landlocked; divided into three natural zones: the southern cultivated Sudanese; the central semiarid Sahelian; and the northern arid Saharan

Neighbouring Countries

Algeria Burkina Faso Guinea Ivory Coast Mauritania Niger Senegal


The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 by a military coup - led by the current president Amadou TOURE - enabling Mali's emergence as one of the strongest democracies on the continent. President Alpha KONARE won Mali's first democratic presidential election in 1992 and was reelected in 1997. In keeping with Mali's two-term constitutional limit KONARE stepped down in 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE who was subsequently elected to a second term in 2007. The elections were widely judged to be free and fair.
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Life Expectancy 50.35 years 189th
Median Age 15.8 years 204th
Birth Rate 49.15 births/1,000 population 2nd
Death Rate 15.82 births/1,000 population 17th
Sex Ratio 0.64 male(s)/female 182nd
Literacy 46.4% 194th

13.8 million


Roadways 18709 km 113th
Railways 593 km 111th
Airports 26 125th
Waterways 1800 km 44th
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 169th


Currency Franc (XOF)
GDP $14.5 billion 133rd
GDP per capita (PPP) $1200 185th