Dialing code +226
ISO 2 code BF
ISO 3 code BFA
Capital Ouagadougou
Main Language French
Currency Franc (XOF)
GDP $17.8 billion 126th
Population 16,241,811 61st


Continent Africa
Location Western Africa north of Ghana
Land 274,200 km2 74th
Terrain Mostly flat to dissected undulating plains; hills in west and southeast
Climate Tropical; warm dry winters; hot wet summers
Natural Hazards Mostly flat to dissected undulating plains; hills in west and southeast
Note: Landlocked savanna cut by the three principal rivers of the Black Red and White Voltas

Neighbouring Countries

Benin Ghana Ivory Coast Mali Niger Togo


Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) achieved independence from France in 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Current President Blaise COMPAORE came to power in a 1987 military coup and has won every election since then. Burkina Faso's high population density and limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens. Recent unrest in Cote d'Ivoire and northern Ghana has hindered the ability of several hundred thousand seasonal Burkinabe farm workers to find employment in neighboring countries. In January 2008 Burkina Faso assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term.
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Life Expectancy 52.95 years 181st
Median Age 16.8 years 197th
Birth Rate 44.33 births/1,000 population 6th
Death Rate 13.3 births/1,000 population 28th
Sex Ratio 0.65 male(s)/female 179th
Literacy 21.8% 206th

16.2 million


Roadways 92495 km 50th
Railways 622 km 108th
Airports 26 124th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 125th


Currency Franc (XOF)
GDP $17.8 billion 126th
GDP per capita (PPP) $1200 184th