Dialing code +504
ISO 2 code HN
ISO 3 code HND
Capital Tegucigalpa
Main Language Spanish
Currency Lempira (HNL)
GDP $33.6 billion 100th
Population 7,989,415 94th


Continent North America
Location Central America bordering the Caribbean Sea between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean) between El Salvador and Nicaragua
Land 112,090 km2 103rd
Terrain Mostly mountains in interior narrow coastal plains
Climate Subtropical in lowlands temperate in mountains
Natural Hazards Mostly mountains in interior narrow coastal plains
Note: Has only a short Pacific coast but a long Caribbean shoreline including the virtually uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast

Neighbouring Countries

El Salvador Guatemala Nicaragua


Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998 which killed about 5 600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage.
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Life Expectancy 69.4 years 135th
Median Age 20.3 years 160th
Birth Rate 26.27 births/1,000 population 56th
Death Rate 5.41 births/1,000 population 166th
Sex Ratio 0.82 male(s)/female 78th
Literacy 80.0% 146th

8.0 million


Roadways 13600 km 125th
Railways 699 km 104th
Airports 108 54th
Waterways 465 km 82nd
Heliports None
Airports paved 2 85th


Currency Lempira (HNL)
GDP $33.6 billion 100th
GDP per capita (PPP) $4400 134th