Dialing code +503
ISO 2 code SV
ISO 3 code SLV
Capital San Salvador
Main Language Spanish
Currency Dollar (USD)
GDP $43.9 billion 89th
Population 6,052,064 107th


Continent North America
Location Central America bordering the North Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and Honduras
Land 21,040 km2 153rd
Terrain Mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau
Climate Tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands
Natural Hazards Mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau
Note: Smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea

Neighbouring Countries

Guatemala Honduras


El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war which cost about 75 000 lives was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.
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Life Expectancy 72.33 years 106th
Median Age 22.5 years 136th
Birth Rate 25.31 births/1,000 population 64th
Death Rate 5.47 births/1,000 population 163rd
Sex Ratio 0.78 male(s)/female 99th
Literacy 80.2% 144th

6.1 million


Roadways 10886 km 135th
Railways 283 km 121st
Airports 65 74th
Waterways None km
Heliports 1 91st
Airports paved 1 188th


Currency Dollar (USD)
GDP $43.9 billion 89th
GDP per capita (PPP) $6200 117th