Dialing code +855
ISO 2 code KH
ISO 3 code KHM
Capital Phnom Penh
Main Language Khmer
Currency Riels (KHR)
GDP $28.0 billion 106th
Population 14,453,680 66th


Continent Asia
Location Southeastern Asia bordering the Gulf of Thailand between Thailand Vietnam and Laos
Land 181,040 km2 90th
Terrain Mostly low flat plains; mountains in southwest and north
Climate Tropical; rainy monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation
Natural Hazards Mostly low flat plains; mountains in southwest and north
Note: A land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap

Neighbouring Countries

Laos Thailand Vietnam


Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Attacks by the Thai and Cham (from present-day Vietnam) weakened the empire ushering in a long period of decline. The king placed the country under French protection in 1863 and it became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II Cambodia gained full independence from France in 1953. In April 1975 after a five-year struggle Communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh and evacuated all cities and towns. At least 1.5 million Cambodians died from execution forced hardships or starvation during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT. A December 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside began a 10-year Vietnamese occupation and touched off almost 13 years of civil war. The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a ceasefire which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy under a coalition government. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The remaining elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999. Some of the surviving Khmer Rouge leaders are awaiting trial by a UN-sponsored tribunal for crimes against humanity. Elections in July 2003 were relatively peaceful but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed. In October 2004 King Norodom SIHANOUK abdicated the throne and his son Prince Norodom SIHAMONI was selected to succeed him. Local elections were held in Cambodia in April 2007 and there was little in the way of pre-election violence that preceded prior elections. National elections in July 2008 were relatively peaceful.
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Life Expectancy 62.1 years 160th
Median Age 22.1 years 139th
Birth Rate 25.73 births/1,000 population 62nd
Death Rate 8.08 births/1,000 population 101st
Sex Ratio 0.6 male(s)/female 191st
Literacy 73.6% 156th

14.5 million


Roadways 38093 km 90th
Railways 602 km 109th
Airports 17 136th
Waterways 2400 km 35th
Heliports 1 71st
Airports paved 2 87th


Currency Riels (KHR)
GDP $28.0 billion 106th
GDP per capita (PPP) $2000 168th