Dialing code +45
ISO 2 code DK
ISO 3 code DNK
Capital Copenhagen
Main Language Danish
Currency Krone (DKK)
GDP $204.9 billion 50th
Population 5,484,000 111th


Continent Europe
Location Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two major islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)
Land 43,094 km2 135th
Terrain Low and flat to gently rolling plains
Climate Temperate; humid and overcast; mild windy winters and cool summers
Natural Hazards Low and flat to gently rolling plains
Note: Controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives in greater Copenhagen

Neighbouring Countries



Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power Denmark has evolved into a modern prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. It joined NATO in 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) in 1973. However the country has opted out of certain elements of the European Union's Maastricht Treaty including the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) European defense cooperation and issues concerning certain justice and home affairs.
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Life Expectancy 78.3 years 39th
Median Age 40.5 years 21st
Birth Rate 10.54 births/1,000 population 169th
Death Rate 10.22 births/1,000 population 57th
Sex Ratio 0.78 male(s)/female 100th
Literacy 99.0% 32nd

5.5 million


Roadways 72362 km 63rd
Railways 2667 km 62nd
Airports 92 64th
Waterways 400 km 86th
Heliports None
Airports paved 2 67th


Currency Krone (DKK)
GDP $204.9 billion 50th
GDP per capita (PPP) $37400 26th