Dialing code +678
ISO 2 code VU
ISO 3 code VUT
Capital Port Vila
Main Language None
Currency Vatu (VUV)
GDP $983.2 million 188th
Population 221,552 184th


Continent Oceania
Location Oceania group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Land 12,200 km2 163rd
Terrain Mostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains
Climate Tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from December to April
Natural Hazards Mostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains
Note: A Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes

Neighbouring Countries


Multiple waves of colonizers each speaking a distinct language migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium which administered the islands until independence in 1980 when the new name of Vanuatu was adopted.
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Life Expectancy 63.98 years 154th
Median Age 24.2 years 128th
Birth Rate 21.53 births/1,000 population 82nd
Death Rate 7.55 births/1,000 population 112th
Sex Ratio 1.04 male(s)/female 3rd
Literacy 74.0% 155th



Roadways 1070 km 178th
Railways None km
Airports 31 114th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 112th


Currency Vatu (VUV)
GDP $983.2 million 188th
GDP per capita (PPP) $4600 132nd