Dialing code ++1-868
ISO 2 code TT
ISO 3 code TTO
Capital Port of Spain
Main Language English
Currency Dollar (TTD)
GDP $24.2 billion 110th
Population 1,228,691 155th


Continent North America
Location Caribbean islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean northeast of Venezuela
Land 5,128 km2 174th
Terrain Mostly plains with some hills and low mountains
Climate Tropical; rainy season (June to December)
Natural Hazards Mostly plains with some hills and low mountains
Note: Pitch Lake on Trinidad's southwestern coast is the world's largest natural reservoir of asphalt

Neighbouring Countries


First colonized by the Spanish the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917 which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism mostly in Tobago is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.
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Life Expectancy 70.86 years 123rd
Median Age 32.1 years 70th
Birth Rate 14.36 births/1,000 population 138th
Death Rate 8.11 births/1,000 population 100th
Sex Ratio 0.75 male(s)/female 124th
Literacy 98.6% 50th

1.2 million


Roadways 8320 km 138th
Railways None km
Airports 6 164th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 92nd


Currency Dollar (TTD)
GDP $24.2 billion 110th
GDP per capita (PPP) $18600 58th