Dialing code +974
ISO 2 code QA
ISO 3 code QAT
Capital Doha
Main Language Arabic
Currency Rial (QAR)
GDP $85.4 billion 70th
Population 840,926 160th


Continent Asia
Location Middle East peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia
Land 11,437 km2 165th
Terrain Mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel
Climate Arid; mild pleasant winters; very hot humid summers
Natural Hazards Mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel
Note: Strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits

Neighbouring Countries

Saudi Arabia


Ruled by the al-Thani family since the mid-1800s Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the Amir who had ruled the country since 1972. His son the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa al-Thani overthrew him in a bloodless coup in 1995. In 2001 Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. As of 2007 oil and natural gas revenues had enabled Qatar to attain the second-highest per capita income in the world.
Read more on Wikipedia


Life Expectancy 75.35 years 71st
Median Age 30.8 years 76th
Birth Rate 15.61 births/1,000 population 127th
Death Rate 2.46 births/1,000 population 203rd
Sex Ratio 1.06 male(s)/female 1st
Literacy 89.0% 121st



Roadways 7790 km 142nd
Railways None km
Airports 5 172nd
Waterways None km
Heliports 1 88th
Airports paved 1 174th


Currency Rial (QAR)
GDP $85.4 billion 70th
GDP per capita (PPP) $103500 2nd