Dialing code +63
ISO 2 code PH
ISO 3 code PHL
Capital Manila
Main Language None
Currency Peso (PHP)
GDP $320.6 billion 36th
Population 99,900,177 12th


Continent Asia
Location Southeastern Asia archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea east of Vietnam
Land 300,000 km2 72nd
Terrain Mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
Climate Tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)
Natural Hazards Mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
Note: The Philippine archipelago is made up of 7 107 islands; favorably located in relation to many of Southeast Asia's main water bodies: the South China Sea Philippine Sea Sulu Sea Celebes Sea and Luzon Strait

Neighbouring Countries


The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century; they were ceded to the US in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence after a 10-year transition. In 1942 the islands fell under Japanese occupation during World War II and US forces and Filipinos fought together during 1944-45 to regain control. On 4 July 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence. The 20-year rule of Ferdinand MARCOS ended in 1986 when a "people power" movement in Manila ("EDSA 1") forced him into exile and installed Corazon AQUINO as president. Her presidency was hampered by several coup attempts which prevented a return to full political stability and economic development. Fidel RAMOS was elected president in 1992 and his administration was marked by greater stability and progress on economic reforms. In 1992 the US closed its last military bases on the islands. Joseph ESTRADA was elected president in 1998 but was succeeded by his vice-president Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO in January 2001 after ESTRADA's stormy impeachment trial on corruption charges broke down and another "people power" movement ("EDSA 2") demanded his resignation. MACAPAGAL-ARROYO was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2004. The Philippine Government faces threats from three terrorist groups on the US Government's Foreign Terrorist Organization list but in 2006 and 2007 scored some major successes in capturing or killing key wanted terrorists. Decades of Muslim insurgency in the southern Philippines have led to a peace accord with one group and on-again/off-again peace talks with another.
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Life Expectancy 71.09 years 121st
Median Age 22.5 years 135th
Birth Rate 26.01 births/1,000 population 59th
Death Rate 5.1 births/1,000 population 172nd
Sex Ratio 0.76 male(s)/female 110th
Literacy 92.6% 101st

99.9 million


Roadways 201910 km 24th
Railways 897 km 94th
Airports 254 24th
Waterways 3219 km 29th
Heliports 2 51st
Airports paved 4 30th


Currency Peso (PHP)
GDP $320.6 billion 36th
GDP per capita (PPP) $3300 146th