Dialing code +356
ISO 2 code MT
ISO 3 code MLT
Capital Valletta
Main Language None
Currency Euro (EUR)
GDP $9.8 billion 145th
Population 403,000 175th


Continent Europe
Location Southern Europe islands in the Mediterranean Sea south of Sicily (Italy)
Land 316 km2 209th
Terrain Mostly low rocky flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
Climate Mediterranean; mild rainy winters; hot dry summers
Natural Hazards Mostly low rocky flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
Note: The country comprises an archipelago with only the three largest islands (Malta Ghawdex or Gozo and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries particularly for oil exploration

Neighbouring Countries


Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point a financial center and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May 2004 and began using the euro as currency in 2008.
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Life Expectancy 79.44 years 25th
Median Age 39.5 years 29th
Birth Rate 10.36 births/1,000 population 174th
Death Rate 8.38 births/1,000 population 93rd
Sex Ratio 0.76 male(s)/female 114th
Literacy 92.8% 98th



Roadways 2227 km 169th
Railways None km
Airports 1 202nd
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 102nd


Currency Euro (EUR)
GDP $9.8 billion 145th
GDP per capita (PPP) $24200 46th