Dialing code +853
ISO 2 code MO
ISO 3 code MAC
Capital Macao
Main Language None
Currency Pataca (MOP)
GDP $18.1 billion 125th
Population 449,198 172nd


Continent Asia
Location Eastern Asia bordering the South China Sea and China
Land 254 km2 215th
Terrain Generally flat
Climate Subtropical; marine with cool winters warm summers
Natural Hazards Generally flat
Note: Essentially urban; an area of land reclaimed from the sea measuring 5.2 sq km and known as Cotai now connects the islands of Coloane and Taipa; the island area is connected to the mainland peninsula by three bridges

Neighbouring Countries


Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987 Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 20 December 1999. In this agreement China promised that under its "one country two systems" formula China's socialist economic system would not be practiced in Macau and that Macau would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.
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Life Expectancy 84.36 years 1st
Median Age 35.2 years 56th
Birth Rate 8.88 births/1,000 population 198th
Death Rate 3.5 births/1,000 population 198th
Sex Ratio 0.88 male(s)/female 46th
Literacy 91.3% 107th



Roadways 404 km 187th
Railways None km
Airports 1 197th
Waterways None km
Heliports 1 79th
Airports paved 1 144th


Currency Pataca (MOP)
GDP $18.1 billion 125th
GDP per capita (PPP) $30000 38th