Dialing code +231
ISO 2 code LR
ISO 3 code LBR
Capital Monrovia
Main Language English
Currency Dollar (LRD)
GDP $1.5 billion 181st
Population 3,685,076 130th


Continent Africa
Location Western Africa bordering the North Atlantic Ocean between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Land 111,370 km2 104th
Terrain Mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast
Climate Tropical; hot humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers
Natural Hazards Mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast
Note: Facing the Atlantic Ocean the coastline is characterized by lagoons mangrove swamps and river-deposited sandbars; the inland grassy plateau supports limited agriculture

Neighbouring Countries

Guinea Ivory Coast Sierra Leone


Settlement of freed slaves from the US in what is today Liberia began in 1822; by 1847 the Americo-Liberians were able to establish a republic. William TUBMAN president from 1944-71 did much to promote foreign investment and to bridge the economic social and political gaps between the descendents of the original settlers and the inhabitants of the interior. In 1980 a military coup led by Samuel DOE ushered in a decade of authoritarian rule. In December 1989 Charles TAYLOR launched a rebellion against DOE's regime that led to a prolonged civil war in which DOE himself was killed. A period of relative peace in 1997 allowed for elections that brought TAYLOR to power but major fighting resumed in 2000. An August 2003 peace agreement ended the war and prompted the resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR who faces war crimes charges in The Hague related to his involvement in Sierra Leone's civil war. After two years of rule by a transitional government democratic elections in late 2005 brought President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF to power. The UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) maintains a strong presence throughout the country but the security situation is still fragile and the process of rebuilding the social and economic structure of this war-torn country will take many years.
Read more on Wikipedia


Life Expectancy 41.84 years 200th
Median Age 18.0 years 185th
Birth Rate 42.25 births/1,000 population 11th
Death Rate 20.73 births/1,000 population 6th
Sex Ratio 0.94 male(s)/female 23rd
Literacy 57.5% 180th

3.7 million


Roadways 10600 km 136th
Railways 429 km 116th
Airports 52 89th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 134th


Currency Dollar (LRD)
GDP $1.5 billion 181st
GDP per capita (PPP) $500 203rd