Dialing code +996
ISO 2 code KG
ISO 3 code KGZ
Capital Bishkek
Main Language None
Currency Som (KGS)
GDP $11.4 billion 141st
Population 5,508,626 110th


Continent Asia
Location Central Asia west of China
Land 198,500 km2 87th
Terrain Peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation
Climate Dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan Mountains; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone
Natural Hazards Peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation
Note: Landlocked; entirely mountainous dominated by the Tien Shan range; 94% of the country is 1 000 m above sea level with an average elevation of 2 750 m; many tall peaks glaciers and high-altitude lakes

Neighbouring Countries

China Kazakhstan Tajikistan Uzbekistan


A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions most of Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV who had run the country since 1990. Subsequent presidential elections in July 2005 were won overwhelmingly by former prime minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV. The political opposition organized demonstrations in Bishkek in April May and November 2006 resulting in the adoption of a new constitution that transferred some of the president's powers to parliament and the government. In December 2006 the Kyrgyzstani parliament voted to adopt new amendments restoring some of the presidential powers lost in the November 2006 constitutional change. By late-September 2007 both previous versions of the constitution were declared illegal and the country reverted to the AKAEV-era 2003 constitution which was subsequently modified in a flawed referendum initiated by BAKIEV. The president then dissolved parliament called for early elections and gained control of the new parliament through his newly-created political party Ak Jol in December 2007 elections. Current concerns include: privatization of state-owned enterprises negative trends in democracy and political freedoms endemic corruption improving interethnic relations electricity generation rising food prices and combating terrorism.
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Life Expectancy 69.43 years 134th
Median Age 24.4 years 125th
Birth Rate 23.44 births/1,000 population 69th
Death Rate 6.91 births/1,000 population 125th
Sex Ratio 0.64 male(s)/female 181st
Literacy 98.7% 49th

5.5 million


Roadways 18500 km 115th
Railways 470 km 115th
Airports 30 116th
Waterways 600 km 77th
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 191st


Currency Som (KGS)
GDP $11.4 billion 141st
GDP per capita (PPP) $2100 166th