Dialing code +62
ISO 2 code ID
ISO 3 code IDN
Capital Jakarta
Main Language Indonesian
Currency Rupiah (IDR)
GDP $915.9 billion 14th
Population 242,968,342 4th


Continent Asia
Location Southeastern Asia archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
Land 1,919,440 km2 15th
Terrain Mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains
Climate Tropical; hot humid; more moderate in highlands
Natural Hazards Mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains
Note: Archipelago of 17 508 islands (6 000 inhabited); straddles equator; strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from Indian Ocean to Pacific Ocean

Neighbouring Countries

East Timor Malaysia Papua New Guinea


The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender but it required four years of intermittent negotiations recurring hostilities and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Indonesia's first free parliamentary election after decades of repressive rule took place in 1999. Indonesia is now the world's third-largest democracy the world's largest archipelagic state and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include: alleviating poverty improving education preventing terrorism consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism implementing economic and financial reforms stemming corruption holding the military and police accountable for past human rights violations addressing climate change and controlling avian influenza. In 2005 Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh which led to democratic elections in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face a low intensity separatist movement in Papua.
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Life Expectancy 70.76 years 125th
Median Age 27.6 years 103rd
Birth Rate 18.84 births/1,000 population 100th
Death Rate 6.25 births/1,000 population 139th
Sex Ratio 0.8 male(s)/female 87th
Literacy 90.4% 114th

243.0 million


Roadways 391009 km 16th
Railways 8529 km 24th
Airports 669 10th
Waterways 21579 km 5th
Heliports 17 11th
Airports paved 4 29th


Currency Rupiah (IDR)
GDP $915.9 billion 14th
GDP per capita (PPP) $3900 142nd