Dialing code ++1-473
ISO 2 code GD
ISO 3 code GRD
Capital St. George's
Main Language English
Currency Dollar (XCD)
GDP $1.2 billion 183rd
Population 107,818 195th


Continent North America
Location Caribbean island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean north of Trinidad and Tobago
Land 344 km2 208th
Terrain Volcanic in origin with central mountains
Climate Tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Natural Hazards Volcanic in origin with central mountains
Note: The administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

Neighbouring Countries


Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498 but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century established sugar estates and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967 Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.
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Life Expectancy 65.95 years 149th
Median Age 22.8 years 134th
Birth Rate 21.32 births/1,000 population 83rd
Death Rate 6.09 births/1,000 population 147th
Sex Ratio 0.97 male(s)/female 18th
Literacy 96.0% 80th



Roadways 1127 km 177th
Railways None km
Airports 3 180th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 200th


Currency Dollar (XCD)
GDP $1.2 billion 183rd
GDP per capita (PPP) $13400 75th