Dialing code +299
ISO 2 code GL
ISO 3 code GRL
Capital Nuuk
Main Language None
Currency Krone (DKK)
GDP $1.1 billion 185th
Population 56,375 210th


Continent North America
Location Northern North America island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean northeast of Canada
Land 2,166,086 km2 12th
Terrain Flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow mountainous barren rocky coast
Climate Arctic to subarctic; cool summers cold winters
Natural Hazards Flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow mountainous barren rocky coast
Note: Dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along coast; close to one-quarter of the population lives in the capital Nuuk; world's second largest ice cap

Neighbouring Countries


Greenland the world's largest island is about 81% ice-capped. Vikings reached the island in the 10th century from Iceland; Danish colonization began in the 18th century and Greenland was made an integral part of Denmark in 1953. It joined the European Community (now the EU) with Denmark in 1973 but withdrew in 1985 over a dispute centered on stringent fishing quotas. Greenland was granted self-government in 1979 by the Danish parliament; the law went into effect the following year. Greenland voted in favor of increased self-rule in November 2008 and acquired complete responsibilty for internal affairs in June 2009. Denmark however continues to exercise control of Greenland's foreign affairs security and financial policy in consultation with Greenland's Home Rule Government.
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Life Expectancy 70.07 years 131st
Median Age 33.5 years 63rd
Birth Rate 14.76 births/1,000 population 133rd
Death Rate 8.14 births/1,000 population 99th
Sex Ratio 1.01 male(s)/female 12th
Literacy 100.0% 3rd



Roadways None km
Railways None km
Airports 15 144th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 149th


Currency Krone (DKK)
GDP $1.1 billion 185th
GDP per capita (PPP) $20000 53rd