Dialing code ++1-767
ISO 2 code DM
ISO 3 code DMA
Capital Roseau
Main Language English
Currency Dollar (XCD)
GDP $719.8 million 195th
Population 72,813 204th


Continent North America
Location Caribbean island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean about half way between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago
Land 754 km2 189th
Terrain Rugged mountains of volcanic origin
Climate Tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall
Natural Hazards Rugged mountains of volcanic origin
Note: Known as "The Nature Island of the Caribbean" due to its spectacular lush and varied flora and fauna which are protected by an extensive natural park system; the most mountainous of the Lesser Antilles its volcanic peaks are cones of lava craters and include Boiling Lake the second-largest thermally active lake in the world

Neighbouring Countries


Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763 which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980 two years after independence Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia CHARLES the first female prime minister in the Caribbean who remained in office for 15 years. Some 3 000 Carib Indians still living on Dominica are the only pre-Columbian population remaining in the eastern Caribbean.
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Life Expectancy 75.55 years 67th
Median Age 29.8 years 82nd
Birth Rate 15.73 births/1,000 population 126th
Death Rate 8.2 births/1,000 population 97th
Sex Ratio 0.76 male(s)/female 117th
Literacy 94.0% 90th



Roadways 780 km 182nd
Railways None km
Airports 2 184th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 2 78th


Currency Dollar (XCD)
GDP $719.8 million 195th
GDP per capita (PPP) $9900 95th