Dialing code +238
ISO 2 code CV
ISO 3 code CPV
Capital Praia
Main Language Portuguese
Currency Escudo (CVE)
GDP $1.6 billion 179th
Population 508,659 169th


Continent Africa
Location Western Africa group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean west of Senegal
Land 4,033 km2 176th
Terrain Steep rugged rocky volcanic
Climate Temperate; warm dry summer; precipitation meager and very erratic
Natural Hazards Steep rugged rocky volcanic
Note: Strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

Neighbouring Countries


The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975 and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result Cape Verde's expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.
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Life Expectancy 71.61 years 114th
Median Age 21.1 years 151st
Birth Rate 23.5 births/1,000 population 68th
Death Rate 6.22 births/1,000 population 141st
Sex Ratio 0.58 male(s)/female 196th
Literacy 76.6% 152nd



Roadways 1350 km 174th
Railways None km
Airports 10 153rd
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 127th


Currency Escudo (CVE)
GDP $1.6 billion 179th
GDP per capita (PPP) $3800 143rd