Dialing code +673
ISO 2 code BN
ISO 3 code BRN
Capital Bandar Seri Begawan
Main Language None
Currency Dollar (BND)
GDP $20.3 billion 120th
Population 395,027 177th


Continent Asia
Location Southeastern Asia bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia
Land 5,770 km2 173rd
Terrain Flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west
Climate Tropical; hot humid rainy
Natural Hazards Flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west
Note: Close to vital sea lanes through South China Sea linking Indian and Pacific Oceans; two parts physically separated by Malaysia; almost an enclave within Malaysia

Neighbouring Countries



The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession colonial expansion of European powers and piracy. In 1888 Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in Asia.
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Life Expectancy 75.74 years 65th
Median Age 27.8 years 101st
Birth Rate 18.2 births/1,000 population 104th
Death Rate 3.29 births/1,000 population 200th
Sex Ratio 0.93 male(s)/female 26th
Literacy 92.7% 99th



Roadways 3650 km 157th
Railways None km
Airports 2 188th
Waterways 209 km 95th
Heliports 3 38th
Airports paved 1 186th


Currency Dollar (BND)
GDP $20.3 billion 120th
GDP per capita (PPP) $53100 7th