Dialing code +297
ISO 2 code AW
ISO 3 code ABW
Capital Oranjestad
Main Language Dutch
Currency Guilder (AWG)
GDP $2.3 billion 172nd
Population 71,566 205th


Continent North America
Location Caribbean island in the Caribbean Sea north of Venezuela
Land 193 km2 219th
Terrain Flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
Climate Tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Natural Hazards Flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
Note: A flat riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit)

Neighbouring Countries


Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499 Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.
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Life Expectancy 75.28 years 73rd
Median Age 37.8 years 43rd
Birth Rate 12.79 births/1,000 population 147th
Death Rate 7.71 births/1,000 population 108th
Sex Ratio 0.66 male(s)/female 175th
Literacy 97.3% 66th



Roadways None km
Railways None km
Airports 1 195th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 122nd


Currency Guilder (AWG)
GDP $2.3 billion 172nd
GDP per capita (PPP) $21800 49th