Dialing code ++1-268
ISO 2 code AG
ISO 3 code ATG
Capital St. John's
Main Language English
Currency Dollar (XCD)
GDP $1.6 billion 180th
Population 86,754 201st


Continent North America
Location Caribbean islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean east-southeast of Puerto Rico
Land 443 km2 201st
Terrain Mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands with some higher volcanic areas
Climate Tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation
Natural Hazards Mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands with some higher volcanic areas
Note: Antigua has a deeply indented shoreline with many natural harbors and beaches; Barbuda has a large western harbor

Neighbouring Countries


The Siboney were the first to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C. but Arawak Indians populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early settlements by the Spanish and French were succeeded by the English who formed a colony in 1667. Slavery established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.
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Life Expectancy 74.76 years 78th
Median Age 29.7 years 84th
Birth Rate 16.59 births/1,000 population 120th
Death Rate 5.94 births/1,000 population 150th
Sex Ratio 0.77 male(s)/female 105th
Literacy 85.8% 132nd



Roadways 1165 km 176th
Railways None km
Airports 3 181st
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 95th


Currency Dollar (XCD)
GDP $1.6 billion 180th
GDP per capita (PPP) $19000 57th