Dialing code +256
ISO 2 code UG
ISO 3 code UGA
Capital Kampala
Main Language English
Currency Shilling (UGX)
GDP $35.9 billion 97th
Population 33,398,682 37th


Continent Africa
Location Eastern Africa west of Kenya
Land 236,040 km2 83rd
Terrain Mostly plateau with rim of mountains
Climate Tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February June to August); semiarid in northeast
Natural Hazards Mostly plateau with rim of mountains
Note: Landlocked; fertile well-watered country with many lakes and rivers

Neighbouring Countries

Democratic Republic of the Congo Kenya Rwanda South Sudan Tanzania


The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300 000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100 000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections. In January 2009 Uganda assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2009-10 term.
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Life Expectancy 52.72 years 182nd
Median Age 15.0 years 206th
Birth Rate 47.84 births/1,000 population 3rd
Death Rate 12.09 births/1,000 population 37th
Sex Ratio 0.71 male(s)/female 149th
Literacy 66.8% 170th

33.4 million


Roadways 70746 km 66th
Railways 1244 km 83rd
Airports 33 112th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 177th


Currency Shilling (UGX)
GDP $35.9 billion 97th
GDP per capita (PPP) $1100 186th