Dialing code +221
ISO 2 code SN
ISO 3 code SEN
Capital Dakar
Main Language French
Currency Franc (XOF)
GDP $21.9 billion 113th
Population 12,323,252 71st


Continent Africa
Location Western Africa bordering the North Atlantic Ocean between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania
Land 196,190 km2 88th
Terrain Generally low rolling plains rising to foothills in southeast
Climate Tropical; hot humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot dry harmattan wind
Natural Hazards Generally low rolling plains rising to foothills in southeast
Note: Westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave within Senegal

Neighbouring Countries

Gambia Guinea Guinea-Bissau Mali Mauritania


The French colonies of Senegal and the French Sudan were merged in 1959 and granted their independence as the Mali Federation in 1960. The union broke up after only a few months. Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982 but the envisaged integration of the two countries was never carried out and the union was dissolved in 1989. The Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance (MFDC) has led a low-level separatist insurgency in southern Senegal since the 1980s and several peace deals have failed to resolve the conflict. Nevertheless Senegal remains one of the most stable democracies in Africa. Senegal was ruled by a Socialist Party for 40 years until current President Abdoulaye WADE was elected in 2000. He was reelected in February 2007 but complaints of fraud led opposition parties to boycott June 2007 legislative polls. Senegal has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping.
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Life Expectancy 59.0 years 168th
Median Age 18.6 years 179th
Birth Rate 36.84 births/1,000 population 26th
Death Rate 9.75 births/1,000 population 64th
Sex Ratio 0.88 male(s)/female 44th
Literacy 39.3% 198th

12.3 million


Roadways 13576 km 126th
Railways 906 km 93rd
Airports 17 139th
Waterways 1000 km 63rd
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 175th


Currency Franc (XOF)
GDP $21.9 billion 113th
GDP per capita (PPP) $1600 172nd