Dialing code ++1-869
ISO 2 code KN
ISO 3 code KNA
Capital Basseterre
Main Language English
Currency Dollar (XCD)
GDP $784.9 million 193rd
Population 51,134 212th


Continent North America
Location Caribbean islands in the Caribbean Sea about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Land 261 km2 213th
Terrain Volcanic with mountainous interiors
Climate Tropical tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Natural Hazards Volcanic with mountainous interiors
Note: With coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball the two volcanic islands are separated by a 3-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island

Neighbouring Countries


Carib Indians occupied the islands for hundreds of years before the British began settlement in 1623. The islands became an associated state of the UK with full internal autonomy in 1967. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998 a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to separate from Saint Kitts.
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Life Expectancy 73.2 years 97th
Median Age 28.6 years 94th
Birth Rate 17.67 births/1,000 population 106th
Death Rate 8.05 births/1,000 population 102nd
Sex Ratio 0.72 male(s)/female 138th
Literacy 97.8% 62nd



Roadways 383 km 188th
Railways 50 km 127th
Airports 2 194th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 160th


Currency Dollar (XCD)
GDP $784.9 million 193rd
GDP per capita (PPP) $19700 55th