Dialing code +242
ISO 2 code CG
ISO 3 code COG
Capital Brazzaville
Main Language French
Currency Franc (XAF)
GDP $15.6 billion 130th
Population 3,039,126 136th


Continent Africa
Location Western Africa bordering the South Atlantic Ocean between Angola and Gabon
Land 342,000 km2 64th
Terrain Coastal plain southern basin central plateau northern basin
Climate Tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); persistent high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator
Natural Hazards Coastal plain southern basin central plateau northern basin
Note: About 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville Pointe-Noire or along the railroad between them

Neighbouring Countries

Angola Cameroon Central African Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Gabon


Upon independence in 1960 the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation with Marxism was abandoned in 1990 and a democratically elected government took office in 1992. A brief civil war in 1997 restored former Marxist President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO and ushered in a period of ethnic and political unrest. Southern-based rebel groups agreed to a final peace accord in March 2003 but the calm is tenuous and refugees continue to present a humanitarian crisis. The Republic of Congo was once one of Africa's largest petroleum producers but with declining production it will need new offshore oil finds to sustain its oil earnings over the long term.
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Life Expectancy 54.15 years 178th
Median Age 16.8 years 199th
Birth Rate 41.37 births/1,000 population 15th
Death Rate 12.01 births/1,000 population 38th
Sex Ratio 0.7 male(s)/female 151st
Literacy 83.8% 138th

3.0 million


Roadways 17289 km 118th
Railways 795 km 102nd
Airports 24 129th
Waterways 1120 km 60th
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 197th


Currency Franc (XAF)
GDP $15.6 billion 130th
GDP per capita (PPP) $4000 137th