Dialing code +351
ISO 2 code PT
ISO 3 code PRT
Capital Lisbon
Main Language Portuguese
Currency Euro (EUR)
GDP $237.3 billion 46th
Population 10,676,000 76th


Continent Europe
Location Southwestern Europe bordering the North Atlantic Ocean west of Spain
Land 92,391 km2 111th
Terrain Mountainous north of the Tagus River rolling plains in south
Climate Maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north warmer and drier in south
Natural Hazards Mountainous north of the Tagus River rolling plains in south
Note: Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar

Neighbouring Countries



Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake occupation during the Napoleonic Wars and the independence of its wealthiest colony of Brazil in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades repressive governments ran the country. In 1974 a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.
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Life Expectancy 78.21 years 41st
Median Age 39.4 years 34th
Birth Rate 10.29 births/1,000 population 176th
Death Rate 10.68 births/1,000 population 52nd
Sex Ratio 0.7 male(s)/female 152nd
Literacy 93.3% 95th

10.7 million


Roadways 82900 km 55th
Railways 2786 km 57th
Airports 65 75th
Waterways 210 km 94th
Heliports None
Airports paved 5 19th


Currency Euro (EUR)
GDP $237.3 billion 46th
GDP per capita (PPP) $22000 47th