Dialing code +64
ISO 2 code NZ
ISO 3 code NZL
Capital Wellington
Main Language English
Currency Dollar (NZD)
GDP $116.6 billion 59th
Population 4,252,277 126th


Continent Oceania
Location Oceania islands in the South Pacific Ocean southeast of Australia
Land 268,680 km2 75th
Terrain Predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains
Climate Temperate with sharp regional contrasts
Natural Hazards Predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains
Note: Almost 90% of the population lives in cities; Wellington is the southernmost national capital in the world

Neighbouring Countries


The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. In 1840 their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain the Treaty of Waitangi in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. In that same year the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both World Wars. New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. In recent years the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances.
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Life Expectancy 80.36 years 16th
Median Age 36.6 years 51st
Birth Rate 13.94 births/1,000 population 141st
Death Rate 7.05 births/1,000 population 121st
Sex Ratio 0.84 male(s)/female 64th
Literacy 99.0% 29th

4.3 million


Roadways 93576 km 48th
Railways 4128 km 38th
Airports 121 48th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 141st


Currency Dollar (NZD)
GDP $116.6 billion 59th
GDP per capita (PPP) $27900 43rd