Dialing code +377
ISO 2 code MC
ISO 3 code MCO
Capital Monaco
Main Language French
Currency Euro (EUR)
GDP $976.3 million 189th
Population 32,965 218th


Continent Europe
Location Western Europe bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France near the border with Italy
Land 1 km2 240th
Terrain Hilly rugged rocky
Climate Mediterranean with mild wet winters and hot dry summers
Natural Hazards Hilly rugged rocky
Note: Second-smallest independent state in the world (after Holy See); almost entirely urban

Neighbouring Countries



The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present-day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling Grimaldi family secured control in the late 13th century and a principality was established in 1338. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then the principality's mild climate splendid scenery and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.
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Life Expectancy 80.09 years 19th
Median Age 45.7 years 1st
Birth Rate 9.1 births/1,000 population 194th
Death Rate 12.74 births/1,000 population 33rd
Sex Ratio 0.68 male(s)/female 165th
Literacy 99.0% 28th



Roadways 50 km 201st
Railways None km
Airports None
Waterways None km
Heliports 1 77th
Airports paved None


Currency Euro (EUR)
GDP $976.3 million 189th
GDP per capita (PPP) $30000 37th