Dialing code +373
ISO 2 code MD
ISO 3 code MDA
Capital Chisinau
Main Language Romanian
Currency Leu (MDL)
GDP $10.6 billion 143rd
Population 4,324,000 125th


Continent Europe
Location Eastern Europe northeast of Romania
Land 33,843 km2 140th
Terrain Rolling steppe gradual slope south to Black Sea
Climate Moderate winters warm summers
Natural Hazards Rolling steppe gradual slope south to Black Sea
Note: Landlocked; well endowed with various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand gravel gypsum and limestone

Neighbouring Countries

Romania Ukraine


Part of Romania during the interwar period Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although independent from the USSR since 1991 Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population mostly Ukrainians and Russians who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic. One of the poorest nations in Europe Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist as its president in 2001.
Read more on Wikipedia


Life Expectancy 70.8 years 124th
Median Age 34.6 years 61st
Birth Rate 11.12 births/1,000 population 162nd
Death Rate 10.78 births/1,000 population 49th
Sex Ratio 0.58 male(s)/female 197th
Literacy 99.1% 25th

4.3 million


Roadways 12666 km 129th
Railways 1138 km 86th
Airports 11 150th
Waterways 424 km 85th
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 198th


Currency Leu (MDL)
GDP $10.6 billion 143rd
GDP per capita (PPP) $2500 154th