Dialing code +960
ISO 2 code MV
ISO 3 code MDV
Capital Male
Main Language None
Currency Rufiyaa (MVR)
GDP $1.7 billion 177th
Population 395,650 176th


Continent Asia
Location Southern Asia group of atolls in the Indian Ocean south-southwest of India
Land 300 km2 210th
Terrain Flat with white sandy beaches
Climate Tropical; hot humid; dry northeast monsoon (November to March); rainy southwest monsoon (June to August)
Natural Hazards Flat with white sandy beaches
Note: 1 190 coral islands grouped into 26 atolls (200 inhabited islands plus 80 islands with tourist resorts); archipelago with strategic location astride and along major sea lanes in Indian Ocean

Neighbouring Countries


The Maldives was long a sultanate first under Dutch and then under British protection. It became a republic in 1968 three years after independence. President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM dominated the islands' political scene for 30 years elected to six successive terms by single-party referendums. Following riots in the capital Male in August 2004 the president and his government pledged to embark upon democratic reforms including a more representative political system and expanded political freedoms. Progress was sluggish however and many promised reforms were slow to be realized. Nonetheless political parties were legalized in 2005. In June 2008 a constituent assembly - termed the "Special Majlis" - finalized a new constitution which was ratified by the president in August. The first-ever presidential elections under a multi-candidate multi-party system were held in October 2008. GAYOOM was defeated in a runoff poll by Mohamed NASHEED a political activist who had been jailed several years earlier by the former regime. Challenges facing the new president include strengthening democracy and combating poverty and drug abuse.
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Life Expectancy 73.97 years 84th
Median Age 25.7 years 113th
Birth Rate 14.55 births/1,000 population 136th
Death Rate 3.65 births/1,000 population 196th
Sex Ratio 1.0 male(s)/female 15th
Literacy 96.3% 76th



Roadways 88 km 200th
Railways None km
Airports 5 170th
Waterways None km
Heliports None
Airports paved 1 103rd


Currency Rufiyaa (MVR)
GDP $1.7 billion 177th
GDP per capita (PPP) $5000 126th